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PENGUIN REFERENCE BOOKS




THIS PAGE 'R' R1 - R48






Alhtough the non-fiction series of Pelicans contained many seminal works, including history and science, the term 'Reference Books' was used to mean books to which you could refer - such as dictionaries and encyclopaedias. Probably the first Reference book produced by Penguin was S48 The Penguin Political Dictionary intended as 'An ABC of International Affairs' it was compiled by Walter Theimer in December 1939 and Published as A Penguin Special in January 1940. This was followed in April 1943 by another Penguin Special, S111, A Dictionary of Science by E. B. Uvarov.

A Dictionary of Science became the first of the REFERENCE BOOKS series when it was published in 1944 under a new series as R1. Penguin Reference Books became highly respected at a time when dictionaries and encyclopaedias, published in hard covers, were very expensive. No further titles were issued until after the war when, in September 1949, R2 appeared as A Dictionary of Geography by W. G. Moore. Although the first book R1 was 'Rust' coloured, the series was produced in what became the well known bright red covers of the Reference Books series.



Information and cover photographs of Penguin Reference Books Series:
Number: R1
Series No.: R1
Title: A DICTIONARY OF SCIENCE Definitions and Explanations of Terms used in Chemistry, Physics, and Elementary Mathematics
Author: E. B. Uvarov
Illustrations: 15 figures in text
Date Published: 1944
Pages: 192pp.
Printer: Richard Clay and Co Ltd
Price: 9d.

Second image of revised 3rd Edition by Alan Isaacs, 1964
Authors: E. B. Uvarov and D. R. Chapman
Cover Design: Fletcher/Forbes/Gill
Pages: 336pp.
Printer: Cox and Wyman Ltd
Price: 5/-

Number: R2
Series No.: R2
Title: A DICTIONARY OF GEOGRPAHY
Author: W. G. Moore
Illustrations: diagrams (apart from map projections) drawn by C. R. Patrickson
Date Published: September 1949
Pages: 184pp.
Printer: Hunt, Barnard and Co Ltd
Price: 1/6d.
Number: R3
Series No.: R3
Title: A DICTIONARY OF BIOLOGY
Authors: M. Abercrombie, C. J. Hickman and M. L. Johnson
Illustrations: 10 figures in text
Date Published: February 1951
Pages: 256pp.
Printer: Hunt, Barnard and Co Ltd
Price: 2/-
Number: R4
Series No.: R4
Title: A DICTIONARY OF MUSIC
Author: Robert Illing
Illustrations: figures in text
Date Published: December 1950
Pages: 320pp.
Printer: C. Nicholls and Co Ltd
Price: 2/6d.
Number: R5
Series No.: R5
Title: A DICTIONARY OF PSYCHOLOGY
Author: James Drever
Date Published: January 1952
Pages: 320pp.
Printer: C. Nicholls and Co Ltd
Price: 3/6d.
Number: R6
Series No.: R6
Title: AN ENGLISH-GERMAN - GERMAN-ENGLISH DICTIONARY
Compiled: by W. E. Collinson and H. Connell
Date Published: February 1954
Pages: 576pp
Printer: William Clowes and Sons Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R7
Series No.: R7
Title: ROGET'S THESARUS OF ENGLISH WORDS AND PHRASES
Author: Peter Mark Roget
Date Published: October 1953
Pages: 586pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R8
Series No.: R8
Title: A DICTIONARY OF GEOLOGY
Author: G. W. Himus
Illustrations: 16 pages of photographic plates; figures in text
Date Published: January 1955
Pages: 156pp. + 16pp.
Printer: Waterlow and Sons Ltd; Cologravure plates by Harrison and Sons Ltd
Price: 2/-
Number: R9
Series No.: R9
Title: A DICTIONARY OF BALLET
Author: G. B. L. Wilson
Illustrations: 31 photographs on 16 pages; figures in text
Date Published: October 1957
Pages: 288pp. + 16pp.
Printer: The Whitefriars Press Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R10
Series No.: R10
Title: A DICTIONARY OF POLITICS
Authors: Florence Elliott and Michael Summerskill
Date Published: February 1957
Pages: 336pp.
Printer: Unwin Brothers Ltd
Price: 4/-
Number: R11
Series No.: R11
Title: A DICTIONARY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
Author: John S. Scott
Illustrations: figures in text
Date Published: October 1958
Pages: 424pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R12
Series No.: R12
Title: A NEW DICTIONARY OF MUSIC
Author: Arthur Jacobs
Date Published: August 1958
Pages: 416pp.
Printer: William Clowes and Sons Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R13
Series No.: R13
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF ARCHITECTURE
Authors: John Fleming, Hugh Honour and Nikolaus Pevsner
Illustrations: 86 figures in text
Cover illustration: shows Temple of Hera at Aagrigentum (Snark International)
Date Published: January 1966
Pages: 256pp.
Printer: Richard Clay (The Chaucer Press) Ltd
Price: 8/6d.
Number: R14
Series No.: R14
Title: A DICTIONARY OF ART AND ARTISTS
Author: Peter and Linda Murray
Date Published: July 1959
Pages: 358pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R15
Series No.: R15
Title: A DICTIONARY OF BUILDING
Author: John S. Scott
Illustrations: by Clifford Baylis; figures in text
Date Published: March 1964
Pages: 368pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 6/-
Number: R16
Series No.: R16
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS
Compiled: by J. M. and M. J. Cohen
Date Published: September 1960
Pages: 666pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 10/6d.
Number: R17
Series No.: R17
Title: WORLD EVENTS: THE ANNUAL REGISTER OF THE YEAR 1959
Edited: by Ivison Macadam; Assistant Editor - Margaret Cleeve
Date Published: August 1960
Pages: 614pp.
Printer: Ysel Press Ltd
Price: 10/-
Number: R18
Series No.: R18
Title: A DICTIONARY OF SAILING
Author: F. H. Burgess
Illustrations: 4 pages of flags in colour; 19 figures in text
Date Published: September 1961
Pages: 238pp. + 4pp.
Printer: Hunt, Barnard and Co Ltd
Price: 3/6d.
Number: R19
Series No.: R19
Title: A DICTIONARY OF ELECTRONICS
Author: S. Handel
Illustrations: 161 figures in text
Date Published: September 1962
Pages: 390pp.
Printer: Cox and Wyman Ltd
Price: 7/6d.
Number: R20
Series No.: R20
Title: THE PENGUIN RUSSIAN COURSE - A complete course for beginners
Compiled: by J. L. I. Fennell
Date Published: September 1961
Pages: 360pp.
Printer: William Clowes and Sons Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R21
Series No.: R21
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF BRITISH NATURAL HISTORY
Authors: Richard and Maisie Fitter
Illustrations: figures in text
Cover illustration: by Charles Raymond
Date Published: April 1967
Pages: 352pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 8/6d.
Number: R22
Series No.: R22
Title: WORLD EVENTS: THE ANNUAL REGISTER OF THE YEAR 1960
Edited: by Ivison Macadam; Assistant Editor - Margaret Cleeve
Date Published: September 1961
Pages: 600pp.
Printer: Ysel Press Ltd
Price: 10/-
Number: R23
Series No.: R23
Title: WORLD EVENTS: THE ANNUAL REGISTER OF THE YEAR 1961
Edited: by Ivison Macadam; Assisted by Margaret Cleeve
Date Published: July 1962
Pages: 600pp.
Printer: Ysel Press Ltd
Price: 15/-
Number: R24
Series No.: R24
Title: USAGE AND ABUSAGE: A GUIDE TO GOOD ENGLISH
Author: Eric Partridge
Date Published: April 1963
Pages: 384pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 7/6d.
Number: R25
Series No.: R25
Title: THE PENGUIN BOOK OF LIEDER
Edited: and translated by S. S. Prawer
Date Published: April 1964
Pages: 208pp.
Printer: Richard Clay and Co Ltd
Price: 7/6d.
Number: R26
Series No.: R26
Title: A DICTIONARY OF MODERN HISTORY 1789 - 1945
Author: A. W. Palmer
Date Published: January 1964
Pages: 368pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R27
Series No.: R27
Title: A SHAKESPEARE COMPANION 1564 - 1964
Author: F. E. Halliday
Date Published: May 1964
Pages: 576pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 10/6d.
This book was later published in the penguin Shakespeare Library as SL11
Number: R28
Series No.: R28
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF ASTRONOMY
Author: Ake Wallenquist
Illustrations: 16 pages of photographic plates; 89 figures in text
Date Published: January 1968
Pages: 240pp. + 16pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 7/6d.
Number: R29
Series No.: R29
Title: THE PENGUIN ENGLISH DICTIONARY
Compiled: by G. N. Garmonsway with Jacqueline Simpson
Cover design: by Keith Whitehead
Date Published: August 1965
Pages: 816pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 12/6d.
Number: R30
Series No.: R30
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF SAINTS
Author: Donald Attwater
Cover illustration: shows detail of St Jerome from a late 14th Century Bible, in the British Museum
Date Published: April 1965
Pages: 368pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 6/-
Image of 1966 reprint
Number: R31
Series No.: R31
Title: THE PENGUIN ENCYCLOPEDIA
Edited: by Sir John Summerscale
Date Published: October 1965
Pages: 648pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd (printed in Britain for USA)
Price: $2.25 (US cover); 12/6d (overstuck)
Number: R32
Series No.: R32
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF SURNAMES
Author: Basil Cottle
Cover design: by Mel Calman and Graham Bishop
Date Published: September 1967
Pages: 336pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 6/-
Number: R33
Series No.: R33
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF THEATRE
Author: John Russell Taylor
Cover design: by Germano Facetti
Date Published: August 1966
Pages: 296pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 5/-
Number: R34
Series No.: R34
Title: THE PENGUIN COMPANION TO LITERATURE Vol. 1 (BRITISH AND COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE)
Edited: by David Daiches
Cover design: by Germano Facetti
Date Published: 1971
Pages: 576pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: £1.00
Number: R35
Series No.: R35
Title: THE PENGUIN COMPANION TO LITERATURE Vol. 2 (EUROPEAN LITERATURE)
Edited: by Anthony Thorlby
Cover design: by Germano Facetti
Date Published: February 1969
Pages: 912pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: £1.25
Number: R36
Series No.: R36
Title: THE PENGUIN COMPANION TO LITERATURE Vol. 3 (UNITED STATES AND LATIN AMERICAN LITERATURE)
Edited: United States by Malcolm Bradbury and Eric Mottram; and Latin America by Jean Franco
Cover design: by Germano Facetti
Date Published: 1971
Pages: 386pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 75p
Number: R37
Series No.: R37
Title: THE PENGUIN COMPANION TO LITERATURE Vol. 4 (CLASSICAL AND BYZANTINE, ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN LITERATURE)
Edited: Classical and Byzantine by D. R. Dudley; and Oriental and African by D. M. Lang
Cover design: by Germano Facetti
Date Published: February 1969
Pages: 368pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 75p
Date Published: February 1969
Number: R38
Series No.: R38
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF MODERN QUOTATIONS
Author: J. M. and M. J. Cohen
Cover design: by Alan Spain
Date Published: 1971
Pages: 370pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 50p 10/-
Number: R39
Series No.: R39
Title: A DICTIONARY OF COMPUTERS
Edited: by Anthony Chandor; Associate Editors: John Graham and Robin Williamson
Cover design: by Germano Facetti incorporating a model by Mike Pope
Date Published: February 1970
Pages: 416pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 50p 10/-
Number: R40
Series No.: R40
Title: ASIA HANDBOOK
Edited: by Guy Wint
Illustrations: with map
Cover design: by Ian Escott
Date Published: August 1969
Pages: 736pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 80p 16/-
Number: R41
Series No.: R41
Title: AFRICA HANDBOOK
Edited: by Colin Legum
Illustrations: with maps
Cover design: by Ian Escott
Date Published: September 1969
Pages: 688pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 80p 16/-
Number: R42
Series No.: R42
Title: DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN POLITICS
Author: Eugene J. McCarthy
Cover design: by George Klauber
Note: American Edition only
Date Published: April 1968
Pages: 196pp.
Price: $1.25
Number: R43
Series No.: R43
Title: PENGUIN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PEOPLE
Authors: Barry Jones and M. Vibart Dixon
Date Published:
Number: R44
Series No.: R44
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF COMMERCE
Author: Michael Greener
Cover design: by Martin Causer
Date Published: 1970
Pages: 352pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 60p (1974)
Image of 1974 reprint
Number: R45
Series No.: R45
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF ARCHAEOLOGY
Author: David Trump and Warwick Bray
Illustrations: drawings by Judith Newcomer; 211 figures in text
Cover design: by Alan Spain
Date Published: 1972
Pages: 288pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 60p
Image of 1973 reprint
Number: R46
Series No.: R46
Title: A DICTIONARY OF HISTORICAL SLANG
Author: Eric Partridge
Abridged: by Jacqueline Simpson
Cover design: by Mel Calman and Philip Thompson
Date Published: 1972
Pages: 1072pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: £1.25
Number: R47
Series No.: R47
Title: THE PENGUIN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PLACES
Author: W. G. Moore
Cover design: by Germano Facetti shows painting by Barry Evans
Date Published: 1971
Pages: 840pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: £1.00 20/-
Number: R48
Series No.: R48
Title: PENGUIN MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA
Author: Peter Wingate
Cover design: by Germano Facetti shows a detail from a 1828 Atlas of myology by Edward Tuson
Date Published: 1972
Pages: 472pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 60p
Number: R51
Series No.: R51
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF ECONOMICS
Authors: Graham Bannock, R. E. Baxter and Ray Rees
Date Published: 1972
Pages: 452pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 50p
Number: R52
Series No.: R52
Title: A CRITICAL DICTIONARY OF PSYCHOANALYSIS
Author: Charles Rycroft
Cover design: by André François
Date Published: 1972
Pages: 190pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: 35p
Number: R53
Series No.: R53
Title: FACTS IN FOCUS
Compiled: Central Statistical Office
Cover design: by 'Diagram'
Date Published: 1972
Pages: 224pp.
Printer: Richard Clay and Co Ltd
Price: 50p
Number: R54
Series No.: R54
Title: THE PENGUIN ATLAS OF WORLD HISTORY, VOLUME ONE - from the Beginning to the Eve of the French Revolution
Authors: Hermann Kinder and Werner Hilgemann
Translated: by Ernest A Menze
Illustrated: maps designed by Harald and Ruth Bukor
Date Published: 1974
Pages: 304pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: £1.00
Number: R55
Series No.: R55
Title: WHO'S WHO IN THE ANCIENT WORLD
Selected: and with an introduction by Betty Radice
Illustrated: with 56 black-and-white photographic plates on 32 pages
Cover design: by Omnific
Date Published: 1973
Pages: 336pp. + 32pp.
Printer: Richard Clay and Co Ltd
Price: 60p
Number: R58
Series No.: R58
Title: CHRONOLOGY OF THE MODERN WORLD 1763-1965
Author: Neville Williams
Cover design: by Omnific
Date Published: 1975
Pages: 1,024pp.
Printer: Richard Clay and Co Ltd
Price: £1.95
Number: R59
Series No.: R59
Title: THE PENGUIN WORLD ATLAS
Geographic Editor: Peter Hall
Illustrated: by the Cartographic Department of the Clarenden Press
Date Published: 1974
Pages: 266pp.
Printer: Cook Hammond and Kell Ltd
Price: £1.50
Number: R61
Series No.: R61
Title: THE PENGUIN ATLAS OF WORLD HISTORY, VOLUME TWO - from the French Revolution to the Present
Authors: Hermann Kinder and Werner Hilgemann
Translated: by Ernest A Menze
Illustrated: maps designed by Harald and Ruth Bukor
Date Published: 1978
Pages: 328pp.
Printer: BPCC Hazell Books Ltd
Price: £7.99
Number: R82
Series No.: R82
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF DECORATIVE ARTS
Author: John Fleming and Hugh Honour
Cover illustration: shows a Meissen bantam cock c.1732 after Japanese originals (photo: Christie's London)
Date Published: 1977
Pages: 896pp.
Printer: G. A. Pinder and Son Ltd
Price: £4.95
Number: R83
Series No.: R83
Title: THE PENGUIN ATLAS OF AFRICAN HISTORY
Author: Colin McEvedy
Cover illustration: shows a tracing made by Patricia Vinnicombe of a Lesotho rock-shelter painting
Designed: by Keith Burns
Date Published: 1980
Pages: 144pp.
Printer: published in Hong Kong
Price: £5.99
Number: R89
Series No.: R89
Title: THE PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF DESIGN AND DESIGNERS
Author: Simon Jervis
Cover design: by Carroll and Dempsey Ltd
Date Published: 1984
Pages: 536pp.
Printer: Hazell, Watson and Viney Ltd
Price: £4.95




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